Testing Standards

The following is a partial list of the standards Vibration Research controllers can perform. Contact VR for assistance in entering any of the below test standards, customer or not!

NASA-STD-7001

Payload Vibroacoustic Test Criteria

Current version: NASA-STD-7001B

From NASA: “The term “vibroacoustics” is defined as an environment induced by high-intensity acoustic noise associated with various segments of the flight profile. Vibroacoustics manifests itself throughout the payload in the form of transmitted acoustic excitation and as structure-borne random vibration. This Standard specifically addresses the acoustic and random vibration environments and test levels.”

LLIS-0775

NASA Lesson Learned – Random Vibration Testing – LINK

From NASA: “Dynamic testing decreases the probability of in-flight failure due to design deficiencies or defective workmanship. Define an appropriate random vibration test, and subject all assemblies and selected subsystems to the test for design qualification and workmanship flight acceptance.”

LLIS-0780

NASA Lesson Learned – Pyrotechnic Shock Testing – LINK

From NASA: “Non-practice poses a higher risk of flight failure, particularly for small components near the explosive source. Subject potentially sensitive flight assemblies that contain electronic equipment or mechanical devices, as well as entire flight systems, to pyrotechnic shock (pyroshock) as part of a development, acceptance, protoflight, or qualification test program. Perform visual inspection and functional verification testing before and after each pyroshock exposure. Where feasible, perform assembly-level and system-level pyroshock tests with the test article powered and operational to better detect intermittent failures.”

See also: NASA-STD-7001

LLIS-0785

NASA Lesson Learned – Assembly Acoustic Tests – LINK

From NASA: “Unless performed at the assembly level, the probability of failure during systems acoustic testing, or during flight due to the acoustic environment, is increased. Subject selected (large surface area, low mass) assemblies, in addition to the full-up flight system, to acoustic noise. It is imperative on missions with fixed launch windows that acoustic problems on assemblies not be deferred to system level tests.”

See also: NASA-STD-7001

LLIS-0787

NASA Lesson Learned – Acoustic Noise Requirement – LINK

From NASA: “Impose an acoustic noise requirement on spacecraft hardware design to ensure the structural integrity of the vehicle and its components in the vibroacoustic launch environment. During the launch of a rocket, such noise is generated by the release of high velocity engine exhaust gases, by the resonant motion of internal engine components, and by the aerodynamic flow field associated with high speed vehicle movement through the atmosphere. This environment places severe stress on flight hardware and has been shown to severely impact subsystem reliability.”

See also: NASA-STD-7001

RTCA DO-227

Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Lithium Batteries

Current version: DO-227A

Referenced by FAA Technical Standard Order (TSO) C97. Requirements and general guidelines regarding the “design, testing, application, handling, storage, and disposal of lithium cells and batteries.”

Published by the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA).

RTCA DO-160

Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment

Current version: DO-160G

Procedures and environmental test criteria for testing “airborne equipment for the entire spectrum of aircraft from light general aviation aircraft and helicopters through the ‘jumbo jets’ and SST categories of aircraft.” Section 7.0 addresses Shock and Crash Safety; section 8.0 addresses Vibration.

Published by the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA).

SMC-S-016

Test Requirements for Launch, Upper-Stage and Space Vehicles – LINK

Environmental testing requirements for “launch vehicles, upper-stage vehicles, space vehicles, and their subsystems and units.” Also establishes a uniform set of definitions of related terms.

Established by the Air Force Space Command.

EUROCAE ED-14D

Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment

European version of RTCA DO-160; the two standards are worded identically.

GSFC-STD-7000

General Environmental Verification Standard (GEVS) for GSFC Flight Programs and Projects

Current version: GSFC-STD-7000B

From NASA: “This standard provides guidelines for environmental verification programs for Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) payloads, subsystems and components and describes methods for implementing the environmental verifications described. It contains a baseline for demonstrating, by test and/or analysis, the satisfactory performance of hardware in the expected mission environments, and that minimum workmanship standards have been met. It elaborates on those guidelines, gives guideline test levels, provides guidance in the choice of test options, and describes acceptable test and analytical methods for implementing the requirements.”

Supercedes GEVS-SE Rev A.

GM3172

General Specification for Electrical/Electronic Components

Environmental and durability test criteria for electrical components for passenger or commercial vehicles and trucks. Sections 9.3.1 and 9.3.2 address vibration; sections 9.3.3, 9.3.4, and 9.3.5 address shock.

Published by General Motors.

JIS D 1601

Vibration Testing Methods for Automobile Parts

Vibration testing methods for automobile parts.

Published by the Japanese Standards Association.

SAE J1211

Handbook for Robustness Validation of Automotive Electrical/Electronic Modules – LINK

From SAE: “This document addresses robustness of electrical/electronic modules for use in automotive applications. Where practical, methods of extrinsic reliability detection and prevention will also be addressed. This document primarily deals with electrical/electronic modules (EEMs), but can easily be adapted for use on mechatronics, sensors, actuators and switches. EEM qualification is the main scope of this document.”

ISO 10326-1:2016

Mechanical vibration — Laboratory method for evaluating vehicle seat vibration — Part 1: Basic requirements

Current version: ISO 10326-1:2016 (NEN-EN-ISO 10326-1)

Basic requirements for the “laboratory testing of vibration transmission through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats.”

This standard is also used for trucking, off-road vehicles, and agricultural vehicles.

 

ISO 16750

Road vehicles — Environmental conditions and testing for electrical and electronic equipment — Part 1: General

Current version: ISO 16750-1:2018

Describes the “potential environmental stresses and specifies tests and requirements recommended for the specific mounting location on/in the vehicle.” Applies to vehicle electric and electronic systems/components.

Electric Vehicle (EV) Battery

  • IEC 62660-2 (2018): Reliability and abuse test for auto traction lithium-ion batteries; includes high-temperature endurance, temperature cycling, vibration, shock, crush, electrical short circuit, and forced discharge testing.
  • SAE J2464 (2009): An abuse test including hazardous substance monitoring, mechanical, thermal, and electrical abuse.
  • SAE J2380 (2013): Provides a test procedure for characterizing the effect of long-term, road-induced vibration on the performance and service life of electric vehicle batteries.
  • UN 38.3 (2019): Safe transportation of lithium metal and lithium-ion batteries, including altitude, temperature, vibration, shock, and impact/crash testing.
  • ISO 19453-6 (2020): Environmental conditions and testing standards for lithium-ion traction battery packs.

Building Construction

ASCE/SEI 7-10

Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures – LINK

Section 13.2, AC 156: Seismic testing for essential equipment category IV buildings.

Published by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE).

CAN 2-1708A.5

Certification of Equipment and Nonstructural Components

Seismic qualification/certification of mechanical and electrical equipment/components. References ASCE/SEI 7-10 for the test specification.

Published by the State of California.

ICC AC156

Seismic Certification by Shake-Table Testing of Nonstructural Components – LINK

Requirements for the “seismic certification, by shake-table testing, of nonstructural components that have fundamental frequencies greater than or equal to 1.3 Hz.”

Published by the International Code Council.

VDI 2057

Human exposure to mechanical vibrations – LINK

General instructions on determining the “exposure resulting from whole-body vibration and describes a standardised procedure for assessing this vibration exposure.”

Published by Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (The Association of German Engineers).

Defense (MIL-STD)

Go to Military page

MIL-STD-810

Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests

Current version: MIL-STD-810H

MIL-STD-810 covers a broad range of environmental conditions. Vibration Research vibration test systems address acceleration, shock and transport shock, gunfire vibration, and random vibration. The standard contains lab test methods that can be tailored and does not impose design or test specifications.

MIL-STD-810 standard superseded MIL-E-5272 and has been revised many times since its introduction in 1945. 810H superseded 810G in 2019.

MIL-STD-167-1A

Mechanical Vibrations of Shipboard Equipment

Specifies procedures and establishes requirements for environmental and internally excited vibration testing of Naval shipboard equipment installed on ships with conventionally shafted propulsion. Supersedes MIL-STD-167-1(Ships).

MIL-STD-202

Electronic and Electrical Component Parts

Current version: MIL-STD-202H Notice 1 – Validation

Establishes uniform methods for testing electronics and electrical component parts, including basic environmental tests to determine resistance to deleterious effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military operations and physical and electrical tests. “Component parts” include such items as capacitors, resistors, switches, relays, transformers, and jacks.

MIL-STD-833

Test Method Standard – Microcircuits

Current version: MIL-STD-883L (2019)

Establishes test standards for microelectronic devices suitable for use within military and aerospace electronic systems. Includes basic test processes to determine the resistance to harmful effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military and space operations, mechanical and electrical tests, and manufacturing and training procedures.

Published by the United States Department of Defense (DoD).

MIL-STD-750

Test Method Standard – Semiconductor Devices

Establishes uniform methods for testing semiconductor devices, including basic environmental tests to determine resistance to deleterious effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military operations and physical and electrical tests.

Published by the United States Department of Defense (DoD).

MIL-STD-1344A

Test Methods for Electrical Connectors

Establishes uniform methods for testing electrical connectors. Specifies several dozen test methods, including MIL-STD 1344 Test Method 2005.1 Vibration and MIL-STD 1344 Test Method 2004.1 Shock (Specified Pulse). Canceled/superseded by EIA 364 (November 2004).

DEF STAN 00-35

Environmental Handbook for Defence Materiel

Part No: 5: Induced Mechanical Environments. Addresses vibration, shock, acoustic noise, temperature, humidity, sand and dust, altitude, and pressure.

Published by the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

DEF STAN 08-123

Requirements For The Design And Testing of Equipments To Meet Environmental Conditions

Current version: DEFSTAN 08-123/2(2012)

Published by the Ministry of Defence (MoD).

NATO AECTP-400

Mechanical Environmental Tests

Replicates the effects of the vibration environments incurred by systems, subsystems, and units during the specified operational conditions. Published by NATO for the qualification of equipment for NATO forces.

Electronics & Electrical Equipment

Go to Electronics page

Telcordia GR-63-CORE

NEBS Requirements: Physical Protection – LINK

Telcordia GR-63 is generally a seismic and telecommunications standard. The tests are designed to meet or exceed up to Zone 4 testing objectives and requirements. Seismic Zone 4 requirements are the most stringent, requiring that enclosures stay intact while experiencing the equivalent of an earthquake measuring up to 8.3 on the Richter scale.

IEEE 693

Recommended Practice for Seismic Design of Substations – LINK

Recommendations for substations, including qualification of each equipment type. Consists of “seismic criteria, qualification methods and levels, structural capacities, performance requirements for equipment operation, installation methods, and documentation.”

Testing standards include BS EN 60068-2-64 (broadband random vibration), -27 (shock), -32 (simulates falls during handling), – 78 (heat and humidity), – 52 (salt mist), -53 (combined temperature/humidity with vibration/shock), -50 (combined cold and sinusoidal vibration).

This standard is also used in the Aerospace industry.

JESD 22-B103B

VIBRATION, VARIABLE FREQUENCY – LINK

Helps determine the ability of component(s) to withstand moderate to severe vibration as a result of motion produced by transportation or filed operation of electrical equipment. A destructive test intended for component qualification.

Published by JEDEC.

BS EN 60068-2

Environmental Testing – LINK

The British version of IEC-60068-2. See a summary of the IEC standards for more information.

Published by the British Standards Institute.

IEC 60068-2-6 Vibration (Sinusoidal)

Environmental testing – Part 2-6 – LINK

A standard procedure to determine if a product can withstand specified severities of sinusoidal vibration over a given frequency range or at discrete frequencies for a given period.

Published by the International Electrotechnical Commission.

IEC 60068-2-27 Shock

Environmental Testing – Part 2-27 – LINK

A standard procedure to determine if a product can withstand specified severities of non-repetitive or repetitive shocks. Its purpose is to reveal mechanical weakness and/or degradation in specified performances or accumulated damage or degradation caused by shocks.

Published by the International Electrotechnical Commission.

IEC 60068-57 Vibration (Time history and Sine-beat)

Environmental Testing – Part 2-57 – LINK

A standard procedure to determine if a product can withstand specified severities of transient vibration by the time-history and sine-beat methods. Typical examples are the stresses induced in equipment as a result of earthquakes, explosions, and certain phases of transportation or by transient, short-time vibration in machinery. Replaces IEC 60668-2-59.

Published by the International Electrotechnical Commission.

IEC 60068-2-64 Vibration (Broadband Random)

Environmental Testing – Part 2-64 – LINK

Demonstrates the adequacy of products to resist dynamic loads without unacceptable degradation of functional and/or structural integrity when subjected to the specified random vibration test requirements. Broadband random vibration may be used to identify accumulated stress effects and the resulting mechanical weakness. Replaces IEC 60068-2-34.

Published by the International Electrotechnical Commission.

IEC 60068-2-80 Vibration (Mixed-mode)

Environmental Testing – Part 2-80 – LINK

Tests the ability of products to resist the specified mixed mode excitation without unacceptable degradation of functional and/or structural performance. It is particularly useful for tailoring mixed-mode environments where measured data are available for the real-life environment. The test also helps reveal the accumulated effects of stress that are induced by random vibration mixed with sine and/or random and the resulting mechanical weakness and degradation.

Published by the International Electrotechnical Commission.

IEC 60068-2-81 Shock (shock response spectrum synthesis)

Environmental Testing – Part 2-81 – LINK

Specifies tests using a synthesized shock response spectrum (SRS).  The test method is based primarily on the use of an electrodynamic or a servo-hydraulic shaker with an associated computer-based control system as a shock testing system.

ANSI C136.31-2018

Roadway And Area Lighting Equipment – Luminaire Vibration – LINK

Covers the “minimum vibration withstand capability and vibration test methods for roadway and area luminaires.”

Published by the American National Standards Institute.

Mechanical Equipment (ISO)

ISO 21940

Mechanical Vibration – Rotor Balancing – LINK

From ISO: “Vibration caused by rotor unbalance is one of the most critical issues in the design and maintenance of rotating machines. It gives rise to dynamic forces which adversely affect both machine and human health and well-being. This document provides a general background to balancing technology, as used in the ISO 21940 series, and directs the reader to the appropriate parts of the series that include vocabulary, balancing procedures and tolerances, balancing machines and machine design for balancing.”

ISO 2041

Mechanical vibration, shock and condition monitoring – Vocabulary – LINK

Defines the “terms and expressions unique to the areas of mechanical vibration, shock and condition monitoring.”

ISO 20816

Mechanical vibration — Measurement and evaluation of machine vibration – LINK

Establishes general guidelines for the “measurement and evaluation of mechanical vibration of machinery, as measured on rotating and on non-rotating (and, where applicable, non-reciprocating) parts of complete machines, such as shafts or bearing housings.” Replaced ISO 10816.

ISO 10326

Mechanical vibration — Laboratory method for evaluating vehicle seat vibration – LINK

Specifies basic requirements for the laboratory testing of vibration transmission through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats.

This standard is also used in the Automotive industry.

Nuclear Power

Go to Seismic Page

IEEE 344

Nuclear facilities – Equipment important to safety – Seismic qualification – LINK

Defines the procedures that demonstrate that Class 1E equipment can perform during a seismic event. Nuclear Class 1E includes the electric, safety-related equipment and systems essential to an emergency shutdown prompted by an event such as an earthquake.

Telcordia GR-63-CORE

NEBS Requirements: Physical Protection – LINK

“…presents minimum spatial and environmental criteria for all new telecommunications equipment used in Central Offices (COs) and other environmentally controlled telecommunications equipment spaces. Applicable to switching and transport systems, associated Cable Distribution Systems (CDSs), Distributing and Interconnecting Frames (DFs and IFs), power equipment, operations support systems, and Cable Entrance Facilities (CEFs). Compliance with these requirements may increase network robustness, simplify equipment installation, and promote the economical planning, engineering, and operation of equipment spaces.”

Telcordia Technologies, Inc., was acquired by Ericsson in 2012.

Packaging & Transportation

Go to Packaging Page

ASTM D4169 - 16

Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems – LINK

Provides a guide for evaluating shipping units with a uniform system and established test methods at levels reflective of actual distribution.

ASTM D9999 - 08

Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers

Vibration tests of filled shipping containers to assess the performance of a container, with its interior packing and means of closure, both in terms of its strength and of the protection it provides its contents when it is subjected to vibration such as it experiences in transportation.  Includes the following methods:

  • Method A1—Repetitive Shock Test (Vertical Motion)
  • Method A2—Repetitive Shock Test (Rotary Motion)
  • Method B—Single Container Resonance Test
  • Method C—Palletized Load, Unitized Load, or Vertical Stack Resonance Test

These test methods meet the requirements of ISO 8318 and ISO 2247, though the ISO standards may not meet the requirements of these methods.

ASTM D4728 - 17

Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Resting of Shipping Containers – LINK

Random vibration testing of filled shipping units. Assess the performance of a container with its interior packing and means of closure in terms of its ruggedness and the protection that it provides the contents when subjected to random vibration inputs.

The corresponding ISO standard is ISO 13355.

ISO 13355:2016

Packaging — Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads — Vertical random vibration test – LINK

Vertical random vibration testing on a complete, filled transport package(s) and unit loads. Also provides methods for assessing the performance of a package in terms of its strength or the protection that it offers to its contents when it is subjected to vertical vibration.

ASTM D3580 - 95

Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products- LINK

Identifying the resonances of unpackaged products and components of unpackaged products by means of vertical linear motion at the surface on which the product is mounted for the test. Two alternate test methods are presented:

  • Test Method A—Resonance Search Using Sinusoidal Vibration
  • Test Method B—Resonance Search Using Random Vibration

The two test methods are not necessarily equivalent and may not produce the same results. It is possible that tests using random vibration may be more representative of the transport environment and may be conducted more quickly than sine tests.

ASTM D5112 - 98

Standard Test Method for Vibration (Horizontal Linear Motion) Test of Products – LINK

Identifying the resonances of unpackaged products and components of unpackaged products by means of horizontal linear motion at the surface on which the product is mounted for the test. Two alternate test methods are presented:

  • Test Method A—Resonance Search Using Sinusoidal Vibration
  • Test Method B—Resonance Search Using Random Vibration

The two test methods are not necessarily equivalent and may not produce the same results.

ASTM D5416 - 95

Standard Test Method for Evaluating Abrasion Resistance of Stretch Wrap Films by Vibration Testing – LINK

Compares the abrasion resistance of similar types of stretch wrap films.

ASTM D5415 - 95

Standard Test Method for Evaluating Load Containment Performance of Stretch Wrap Films by Vibration Testing – LINK

Evaluates and compares the ability of stretch-wrap films to contain unitized loads during shipping.

ASTM F2187 - 02

Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Random Frequency Vibration on a Membrane Switch or Membrane Switch Assembly – LINK

Establishes procedures for determining the effect of random vibration on switch contacts, mounting hardware, adhered component parts, solder or heat stakes, tactile devices, and cable or ribbon interconnects associated with a membrane switch or membrane switch assembly. Vibration is within a specified frequency range.

ASTM F2188 - 02

Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Variable Frequency Vibration on a Membrane Switch or Membrane Switch Assembly – LINK

Establishes procedures to determine the effect of sinusoidal vibration on switch contacts, mounting hardware, adhered component parts, solder or heat stakes, tactile devices, and cable or ribbon interconnects associated with a membrane switch or membrane switch assembly. Vibration is within a specified frequency range.

ASTM D7387 - 20

Standard Test Method for Vibration Testing of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Used for Shipping Liquid Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods) – LINK

Superceeded ASTM D7387 – 13.

Vibration testing of filled intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) that will contain liquid hazardous materials (dangerous goods); suitable for testing IBCs of any design or material with any means of closure.

This test method is appropriate for testing IBCs ranging from 450 to 3,000L (119 to 793gal). Packagings of smaller sizes should be tested using Test Methods D999 or other applicable methods. The ISO 2247 standard may not meet the requirements for this test method.

ASTM E756 - 05

Standard Test Method for Measuring Vibration-Damping Properties of Materials – LINK

Measures the vibration-damping properties of materials. It is accurate for frequencies between 50 to 5,000Hz and over the useful temperature range of the material. Useful for testing materials that have application in structural vibration, building acoustics, and the control of audible noise.

ISTA 1 Series

Non-Simulation Integrity Tests – LINK

Challenges the strength and robustness of the product and package combination, but does not simulate environmental occurrences. Useful as screening tests, particularly when used as a consistent benchmark over time.

ISTA 2 Series

Partial Simulation Tests – LINK

Includes tests with at least one element of a 3-Series type General Simulation performance test, such as atmospheric conditioning or mode-shaped random vibration, in addition to basic elements of a 1-Series type Non-Simulation Integrity test.

ISTA 3 Series

General Simulation Tests – LINK

Provide a laboratory simulation of the damage-producing motions, forces, conditions, and sequences of transport environments. They are applicable across broad sets of circumstances, such as a variety of vehicle types and routes, or a varying number of handling exposures. Characteristics include simple shaped random vibration, different drop heights applied to the sample package, and/or atmospheric conditioning such as tropical wet or winter/frozen.

ISTA 4 Series

Enhanced Simulation Tests – LINK

Tailors vibration tests to individual situations while using up-to-date and specific hazard profiles and parameters to allow for an enhanced simulation.

ISTA 6 Series

Member Performance Tests – LINK

Created by ISTA members to meet particular purposes and applications. The tests may be original or modifications or variations of ISTA Procedures or Projects or other published and accepted tests. ISTA reviews and approves these tests, but the primary responsibility rests with the originating members. The Series includes:

  • Project 6-AMAZON.COM-SIOC, Ships in Own Container (SIOC) for Amazon.com Distribution System Shipment
  • Project 6-AMAZON.COM-Over Boxing, e-Commerce Fulfillment for Parcel Delivery Shipment
  • 6-FEDEX-A: FedEx Procedures for Testing Packaged Products Weighing Up to 150 lbs., 6-FEDEX-B: FedEx Procedures for Testing Packaged Products Weighing Over 150 lbs.
  • Project 6-SAMSCLUB, Packaged-Products for Sam’s Club® Distribution System Shipment

ISTA 7 Series

Development Tests – LINK

These tests are used in the development of transport packages. They compare the relative performance of two or more container designs but are not intended to evaluate the protection afforded packaged products.

ISTA Process Standards

LINK

Includes ISTA Standard 20, a design and qualification process that provides the structure and path to design, test, verify and independently certify a specific Insulated Shipping Container (ISC) for use; and the Responsible Packaging by Design (RPbD) Guide, a step-by-step process management standard for the design, testing, and qualification of responsible packaging that meets industry, consumer, and regulatory expectations.

UN ST/SG/AC.10/11

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods – Manual of Tests and Criteria – LINK

Criteria, test methods, and procedures to classify dangerous goods according to the “United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, Model Regulations” and of chemicals presenting physical hazards according to the “Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)”.

ISTA 6-Amazon.com-SIOC

A part of Amazon’s Frustration-Free Packaging (FFP) Certification and Amazon’s Ships in Own Container (SIOC) Certification. The test is for packaged products shipped by vendors to Amazon.com Fulfillment Centers and delivered to final customer destinations via Parcel or Less-Than-Truckload (LTL) outbound shipment methods. It challenges the capability of both package and product to withstand transport hazards normally encountered during handling and transportation.

For more information, see Understanding Amazon Packaging Standards.

ISTA 6-Amazon.com-Over Boxing

A part of Amazon’s Prep-Free Packaging (PFP) Certification. The test is for e-Commerce fulfillment comprised of an individual retail packaged-product weighing 70 pounds (32 kilograms) or less that is placed into a master shipping container (Over Box) either by itself with the addition of dunnage (air pillows, etc.) or with multiple individual retail-packaged products with dunnage for shipment from Amazon.com to an end consumer through a parcel delivery system. It challenges the packaging’s and/or product’s ability to withstand the general damage-producing motions, forces, conditions, and sequences of this environment whether primary package or transport package.

For more information, see Understanding Amazon Packaging Standards.

Other Specs

ISO 9568:1993

Cinematography — Background acoustic noise levels in theatres, review rooms and dubbing rooms – LINK

Specifies measurement methods and maximum ratings for indoor background sound pressure levels. Applies to noise emitted by heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems, intrusive noise from the projector(s), and noise emitted by any other mechanical or electrical equipment, but not to intrusive noise from outside, such as traffic noise. It is intended for application when the background noise is essentially a steady-state sound, without strong time-varying components.

IEST-RP-DTE022

Multi-Shaker Test and Control – LINK

A Recommended Practice (RP) that delivers recommendations and guidelines for performing vibration or shock tests using multiple exciters. It presents a focused treatise on how the selection of the proper exciters, fixtures, transducers, bearings, and controllers can all contribute to the successful performance of a multiple-shaker vibration test. It is suggested that this RP be used in conjunction with MIL-STD-810G Method 527, “Multi-Exciter Test,” to expand upon the fundamentals described therein.

IEC-60945, Section 8.7

Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems – General requirements – Methods of testing and required test results – LINK

Provides test methods and general requirements for electronic navigational aids. It addresses a wide range of EMC, safety, and environmental factors, including vibration.

Section (8.7) specifies an operational test to simulate propeller vibration and wave slamming over a 2 to 100Hz range.

BS-EN-61373

Railway applications. Rolling stock equipment. Shock and vibration tests – LINK

Shock and vibration tests for railway rolling stock. Published by the British Standards Institution.

BS-EN 50155

Railway applications. Rolling stock. Electronic equipment – LINK

Covers temp, humidity, shock, and vibration for railway electronic equipment. Published by the British Standards Institution.

NEBS Level 3

NEBS3-compliant signifies that the equipment meets the requirements of GR-63-CORE and GR-1089-CORE.

GR-63 addresses many concerns in addition to vibration, such as temperature, humidity, airborne contaminants, and fire. GR-1089 addresses a variety of electrical issues aside from vibration.

NEBS was developed by Bell Labs. It is now managed by Telcordia, which is owned by Ericsson.

Pre-defined VibrationVIEW Test Profiles: GR 63 Earthquake Zones 2, 3, 4

SAE J1455

Recommended Environmental Practices for Electronic Equipment Design in Heavy-Duty Vehicle Applications  – LINK

Addresses the climatic, dynamic, and electrical environments from natural and vehicle-induced sources that influence the performance and reliability of vehicle and tractor/trailer electronic components. Test methods that can be used to simulate these environmental conditions are also included. This information is applicable to diesel power trucks in Classes 6, 7, and 8.

SAE J1810

Electrical Indicating System Specification – LINK

Describes the factors that affect the accuracy and reliability of voltage indicating units and electrical indicating and sending units for fuel level, pressure, and temperature suitable for off-road, self-propelled work machines, and agricultural tractors.

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