Testing Standards

A partial list of testing standards that VR controllers have the ability to perform. Contact VR for assistance in entering any of the below testing standards whether you are a customer or not!

Aerospace

BS EN 60068-2

From the British Standards Institute

A set of testing standards, including BS EN 60068-2-64 (broadband random vibration), -27 (shock), -32 (simulates falls during handling), – 78 (heat and humidity), – 52 (salt mist), -53 (combined temperature/humidity with vibration/shock), -50 (combined cold and sinusoidal vibration).

This standard is also used in the Electronics industry.

NASA-STD-7001A

Payload Vibroacoustic Test Criteria

The term “vibroacoustics” is defined as an environment induced by high-intensity acoustic noise associated with various segments of the flight profile. Vibroacoustics manifests itself throughout the payload in the form of transmitted acoustic excitation and as structure-borne random vibration. This Standard specifically addresses the acoustic and random vibration environments and test levels.

LLIS-0775

Random Vibration Testing

A NASA ‘Lessons Learned’ web page.

Based on an older document, PT-TE-1413 Random Vibration Testing.

LLIS-0780

Pyrotechnic Shock Testing

A NASA ‘Lessons Learned’ web page.

Based on a 1996 document, PT-TE-1408A Pyrotechnic Shock Testing.

LLIS-0785

Assembly Acoustic Tests

A NASA ‘Lessons Learned’ web page.

Based on an older document, PT-TE-1407 Assembly Accoustic Tests.

LLIS-0787

Acoustic Noise Requirement

A NASA ‘Lessons Learned’ web page.

Based on an older document, PD-ED-1259 Accoustic Noise Requirements.

RTCA DO-227

Minimum Operational Performance Standards for Lithium Batteries

This standard applies to non-rechargeable lithium cells, batteries, and battery systems that are permanently installed on aircraft. Revision A, 2017, is current.

RTCA DO-16

Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment

This is a standard for the environmental testing of avionics hardware. It is published by the Radio Technical Commission for Aeronautics (RTCA). Revison G is current. Section 7.0 addresses Shock and Crash Safety; Section 8.0 addresses Vibration.

SMC-S-016

Test Requirements for Launch, Upper Stage and Space Vehicles

Covers shock, vibration, temperature and pressure. It establishes the environmental and structural ground testing requirements for launch vehicles, upper-stage vehicles, space vehicles, and their subsystems and units. In addition, a uniform set of definitions of related terms is established. This standard is applicable to the procurement of space system hardware as a compliance document for the establishment of baseline test requirements.

This standard was established by the Air Force Space Command.

EUROCAE/ED-14D

Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment

This is the European version of RTCA DO-160. The two standards are worded identically.

Automotive

GM3172

General Specification Electrical Function

This standard is the ‘General Specification for Electrical/Electronic Components –
Environmental/Durability’. Sections 9.3.1 and 9.3.2 address vibration. Sections 9.3.3, 9.3.4, and 9.3.5 address shock.

JIS D 1601

Vibration Resting Methods for Automobile Parts

A Japanese Industrial Standard

SAE J1211

Handbook for Robustness Validation of Automotive Electrical/Electronic Modules

This document addresses robustness of electrical/electronic modules for use in automotive applications. 2012 Edition is current.

ISO 10326-1:2016

Mechanical vibration – Laboratory method for evaluating vehicle seat vibration (a.k.a., NEN-ISO 10326)

This standard specifies basic requirements for the laboratory testing of vibration transmission through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats.

It specifies the test method, the instrumentation requirements, the measuring assessment method and the way to report the test result.

This standard is also used in Trucking, Off-road vehicles and agricultural vehicles.

ISO 16750

Road vehicles—Environmental conditions and electrical testing for electrical and electronic equipment, is an ISO standard which provides guidance regarding environmental conditions commonly encountered by electrical and electronic systems installed in automobiles.

Building Construction

ASCE/SEI 7-10 Section 13.2, AC 156

Seismic testing for essential equipment category IV buildings.

CAN 2-1708A.5

Certification of Equipment and Nonstructural Components

This is a State of California standard for for seismic qualification/certification of mechanical and electrical equipment/components. It references ASCE/SEI 7-10 for actual test specification.

ICC AC156

Seismic Certification by Shake-table Testing of Nonstructural Components

AC156 establishes requirements for the seismic certification, by shake-table testing, of nonstructural components that have fundamental frequencies greater than or equal to 1.3 Hz. This criteria is not intended to evaluate effects of relative displacements on nonstructural components.

VDI 2057

Human exposure to mechanical vibrations

This German standard presents special measuring and evaluation guidelines for exposure to vibration in buildings. In individual cases, the perception and at times efficiency can be impaired by vibrations in buildings, possibly leading to an increased danger of accident, for example in the case of monitoring tasks.

Defense / MIL-STD

MIL-STD-810G

Environmental Engineering Considerations and Laboratory Tests

810G covers a broad range of environmental conditions; Vibration Research solutions address acceleration, shock and transport shock, gunfire vibration and random vibration. The standard contains lab test methods that may be tailored. It does not impose design or test specifications. For example, Test Method 527 calls for using multiple shakers to perform multi-axis shaking. 810G does offer sample vibration test profiles, with discussion on how they can be modified to develop tests that fit specific use environments. This standard superseded MIL-E-5272.

This standard has been revised many times since its introduction in 1945. 810G superceded 810F in 2008.

MIL-STD-167-1A

Mechanical Vibrations of Shipboard Equipment

This standard specifies procedures and establishes requirements for environmental and internally excited vibration testing of Naval shipboard equipment installed on ships with conventionally shafted propulsion. This standard superseded MIL-STD-167-1(Ships).

MIL-STD-202H

Test Method Standard, Electronic and Electrical Component Parts

This standard establishes uniform methods for testing electronics and electrical component parts, including basic environmental tests to determine resistance to deleterious effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military operations, and physical and electrical tests. For the purpose of this standard, the term \”component parts”\ includes such items as capacitors, resistors, switches, relays, transformers, and jacks. This standard is intended to apply only to small parts such as transformers and inductors, weighing up to 300 pounds or having a root mean square test voltage up to  50,000 volts unless otherwise specifically invoked. It supersedes MIL-STD-202G.

MIL-STD-833

DoD Test Method Standard – Microcircuits

This standard establishes  the standards for tests for microelectronic devices suitable for use within Military and Aerospace electronic systems. It includes basic test processes to determine resistance to the harmful effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military and space operations; mechanical and electrical tests; and manufacturing and training procedures.  883K, 2016, is the current version.

MIL-STD-750

DoD Test Method Standard – Semiconductor Devices

This standard establishes uniform methods for testing semiconductor devices, including basic environmental tests to determine resistance to deleterious effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military operations, and physical and electrical tests.

MIL-STD-1344A

Test Methods for Electrical Connectors

This standard establishes uniform methods for testing electrical connectors. Several dozen Test Methods are specified, including MIL-STD 1344 Test Method 2005.1 Vibration and MIL-STD 1344 Test Method 2004.1 Shock (Specified Pulse).

DEF STAN 00-35

Environmental Handbook for Defence Materiel”: Part No: 5: Induced Mechanical Environments

This is a U.K defence standard; it addresses vibration, shock, acoustic noise, temperature, humidity, sand and dust, altitude, and pressure.

DEF STAN 00-08-123

Requirements For The Design And Testing of Equipments To Meet Environmental Conditions

This is a U.K. defence standard.

NATO AECTP-400

Mechanical Environmental Tests

The purpose of this test method is to replicate the effects of the vibration environments incurred by systems, subsystems and units during the specified oerational conditions. NATO publishes this standard for qualification of equipment for NATO forces.

Electronics and Electrical Equipment

Telcordia GR-63-CORE

Telcordia GR-63 is generally a seismic and telecommunications standard. The standard sets tests which are designed to meet or exceed up to Zone 4 testing objectives and requirements. Seismic Zone 4 requirements are the most stringent of all, requiring that enclosures stay intact while experiencing the equivalent of an earthquake measuring up to 8.3 on the Richter scale.

IEEE 693

Recommended Practice for Seismic Design of Substations

A set of testing standards, including BS EN 60068-2-64 (broadband random vibration), -27 (shock), -32 (simulates falls during handling), – 78 (heat and humidity), – 52 (salt mist), -53 (combined temperature/humidity with vibration/shock), -50 (combined cold and sinusoidal vibration).

This standard is also used in the Aerospace industry.

IEC 60068-2-57, Test Tf

Environmental testing: Vibration time-history and sine-beat method

This standard, dated 2013, provides a standard procedure for determining, by the time-history and sine-beat methods, the ability of a specimen to withstand specified severities of transient vibration. Sine-beat refers to simulated seismic excitations. This standard replaces IEC 60668-2-59.

IEC 60068-2-27, Test Ea

Environmental testing: Shock

This standard, dated 2008, provides a procedure for determining the ability of a specimen to withstand specified severities of non-repetitive or repetitive shocks. The purpose of this test is to reveal mechanical weakness and/or degradation in specified performances, or accumulated damage or degradation caused by shocks.

IEC 60068-2-64, Test Fh

Environmental testing: Vibration, broadband random and guidance

This standard, dated 2008, demonstrates the adequacy of specimens to resist dynamic loads without unacceptable degradation of its functional and/or structural integrity when subjected to the specified random vibration test requirements. Broadband random vibration may be used to identify accumulated stress effects and the resulting mechanical weakness and degradation in the specified performance. This standard replaces 60068-2-34.

JESD 22-B103B

The Vibration, Variable Frequency Test Method is intended to determine the ability of component(s) to withstand moderate to severe vibration as a result of motion produced by transportation or filed operation of electrical equipment. This is a destructive test that is intended for component qualification. This is a JEDEC standard.

VDI 2059-3

Shaft vibrations of industrial turbosets for power stations; measurement and evaluation

This standard has been withdrawn.

BS EN 60068-2

From the British Standards Institute

A set of testing standards, including BS EN 60068-2-64 (broadband random vibration), -27 (shock), -32 (simulates falls during handling), – 78 (heat and humidity), – 52 (salt mist), -53 (combined temperature/humidity with vibration/shock), -50 (combined cold and sinusoidal vibration).

This standard is also used in the Aerospace industry.

Mechanical Equipment (ISO)

ISO 21940

Mechanical vibration — Rotor balancing

This standard, updated in 2016, defines terms on balancing. It complements ISO 2041, which is a general vocabulary on mechanical vibration and shock. ISO 21940 replaces ISO 1940-1.

ISO 2041

Mechanical vibration, shock and condition monitoring

This standard, updated in 2009, is a general vocabulary on mechanical vibration and shock.

ISO 10816

Mechanical vibration – Evaluation of machine vibration measurements on non-rotating parts.

This standard, reviewed and confirmed in 2016, specifies the general conditions and procedures for the measurement and evaluation of vibration, using measurements made on the non-rotating parts of machines with power ratings above 100 kW. Typical examples of application are marine propulsion engines, engines in diesel generator sets, gas compressors and engines for diesel locomotives. Does not apply to machines installed in road vehicles.

ISO 10326-1:2016

Mechanical vibration – Laboratory method for evaluating vehicle seat vibration (a.k.a., NEN-ISO 10326)

This standard specifies basic requirements for the laboratory testing of vibration transmission through a vehicle seat to the occupant. These methods for measurement and analysis make it possible to compare test results from different laboratories for equivalent seats.

It specifies the test method, the instrumentation requirements, the measuring assessment method and the way to report the test result.

This standard is also used in the Automotive industry.

Nuclear Power

IEEE 344

Standard for Seismic Qualification of Equipment for Nuclear Power Generating Stations

Practices are provided for establishing procedures that will yield data to demonstrate that the equipment can meet its performance requirements during and/or following one safe shutdown earthquake event preceded by a number of operating basis earthquake events.  Most recent version is 2013.

Telcordia GR-63-CORE

Telcordia GR-63 is generally a seismic and telecommunications standard. The standard sets tests which are designed to meet or exceed up to Zone 4 testing objectives and requirements. Seismic Zone 4 requirements are the most stringent of all, requiring that enclosures stay intact while experiencing the equivalent of an earthquake measuring up to 8.3 on the Richter scale.

Packaging & Transportation

ASTM D4169-16 (2015)

Standard Practice for Performance Testing of Shipping Containers and Systems

This practice provides a guide for the evaluation of shipping units in accordance with a uniform system, using established test methods at levels representative of those occurring in actual distribution. The recommended test levels are based on available information on the shipping and handling environment, and current industry/government practice and experience.

ASTM D9999-08 (2015)

Standard Test Methods for Vibration Testing of Shipping Containers

“These test methods cover vibration tests of filled shipping containers. Such tests may be used to assess the performance of a container, with its interior packing and means of closure, both in terms of its strength and of the protection it provides its contents when it is subjected to vibration such as it experiences in transportation.  The following methods appear:
Method A1—Repetitive Shock Test (Vertical Motion).
Method A2—Repetitive Shock Test (Rotary Motion).
Method B—Single Container Resonance Test.
Method C—Palletized Load, Unitized Load, or Vertical Stack Resonance Test.

These test methods meet the requirements of ISO 8318 and ISO 2247, though the ISO standards may not meet the requirements of these methods. ”

ASTM D4728-17

Standard Test Method for Random Vibration Resting of Shipping Containers

This test method covers the random vibration testing of filled shipping units. Such tests may be used to assess the performance of a container with its interior packing and means of closure in terms of its ruggedness and the protection that it provides the contents when subjected to random vibration inputs.

The corresponding ISO standard is ISO 13355.

ISO13355:2016

Packaging–Complete, filled transport packages and unit loads–Vertical random vibration test

This standard specifies a method to carry out a vertical random vibration test on a complete, filled transport package(s) and unit loads using random excitation[1]. This document also provides methods for assessing the performance of a package in terms of its strength or the protection that it offers to its contents when it is subjected to vertical vibration. The test discussed in this document can be performed either as a single test to investigate the effects of vertical vibration, or as a part of a sequence of tests designed to measure the ability of a test specimen to withstand a distribution system that includes a vibration hazard.

In this International Standard, a package or unit load is referred to as test specimen.

ASTM D3580-95 (2015)

Standard Test Methods for Vibration (Vertical Linear Motion) Test of Products

These test methods cover the determination of resonances of unpackaged products and components of unpackaged products by means of vertical linear motion at the surface on which the product is mounted for test. Two alternate test methods are presented:
Test Method A—Resonance Search Using Sinusoidal Vibration, and
Test Method B—Resonance Search Using Random Vibration.

The two test methods are not necessarily equivalent and may not produce the same results. It is possible that tests using random vibration may be more representative of the transport environment and may be conducted more quickly than sine tests.

ASTM D5112-98 (2015)

Standard Test Method for Vibration (Horizontal Linear Motion) Test of Products

These test methods cover the determination of resonances of unpackaged products and components of unpackaged products by means of hotizontal linear motion at the surface on which the product is mounted for test. Two alternate test methods are presented:
Test Method A—Resonance Search Using Sinusoidal Vibration, and
Test Method B—Resonance Search Using Random Vibration.

The two test methods are not necessarily equivalent and may not produce the same results.

ASTM D5416-95(2012)

Standard Test Method for Evaluating Abrasion Resistance of Stretch Wrap Films by Vibration Testing

This test method compares the abrasion resistance of similar types of stretch wrap films.

ASTM D5415-95(2012)

Standard Test Method for Evaluating Load Containment Performance of Stretch Wrap Films by Vibration Testing

This test method is used to evaluate and compare the ability of stretch-wrap films to contain unitized loads during shipping.

ASTM F2187-02(2011)

Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Random Frequency Vibration on a Membrane Switch or Membrane Switch Assembly

This test method establishes procedures for determining the effect of random vibration, within the specified frequency range, on switch contacts, mounting hardware, adhered component parts, solder or heat stakes, tactile devices, and cable or ribbon interconnects associated with a membrane switch or membrane switch assembly.

The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

ASTM F2188-02(2011)

Standard Test Method for Determining the Effect of Variable Frequency Vibration on a Membrane Switch or Membrane Switch Assembly

This test method establishes procedures for determining the effect of sinusoidal vibration, within the specified frequency range, on switch contacts, mounting hardware, adhered component parts, solder or heat stakes, tactile devices, and cable or ribbon interconnects associated with a membrane switch or membrane switch assembly.

ASTM D7387-13

Standard Test Method for Vibration Testing of Intermediate Bulk Containers (IBCs) Used for Liquid Hazardous Materials (Dangerous Goods)

This test method covers vibration testing of filled intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) intended to contain liquid hazardous materials (dangerous goods) and is suitable for testing IBCs of any design or material with any means of closure. This test method has been used by the United States Department of Transportation (DOT) to test and qualify IBCs for shipping hazardous materials. The test method is used to determine that the IBCs maintain integrity and to prevent leakage or spillage of contents during shipping. This test method should be used as a screening tool or as a design qualification test. Other vibration methods are available to more closely simulate vibration experienced in transportation.

This test method is appropriate for testing IBCs ranging from 450 to 3000 L (119 to 793 gal). Packagings of smaller sizes should be tested using Test Methods D999 or other applicable methods.

The ISO 2247 standard may not meet the requirements for this test method.

The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

ASTM E756-05(2017)

Standard Test Method for Measuring Vibration-Damping Properties of Materials

This test method measures the vibration-damping properties of materials: the loss factor, η, and Young”s modulus, E, or the shear modulus, G. Accurate over a frequency range of 50 to 5000 Hz and over the useful temperature range of the material, this method is useful in testing materials that have application in structural vibration, building acoustics, and the control of audible noise. Such materials include metals, enamels, ceramics, rubbers, plastics, reinforced epoxy matrices, and woods that can be formed to cantilever beam test specimen configurations.

ISTA 1 Series

Non-Simulation Integrity Performance Tests

This series of tests challenges the strength and robustness of the product and package combination. Not designed to simulate environmental occurrences. Useful as a set of screening tests, particularly when used as a consistent benchmarks over time. It includes Procedures 1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 1E, 1G, and 1H.

ISTA 2 Series

Partial Simulation Performance Tests

Includes tests at least one element of a 3 Series type General Simulation performance test, such as atmospheric conditioning or mode-shaped random vibration, in addition to basic elements of a 1 Series type Non-Simulation Integrity test. This Series includes Procedures 2A, 2B, and 2C.

ISTA 3 Series

General Simulation Performance Tests

These tests are designed to provide a laboratory simulation of the damage-producing motions, forces, conditions, and sequences of transport environments. They are applicable across broad sets of circumstances, such as a variety of vehicle types and routes, or a varying number of handling exposures. Characteristics include simple shaped random vibration, different drop heights applied to the sample package, and/or atmospheric conditioning such as tropical wet or winter/frozen. The Series includes Procedures 3A, 3B, 3H, and 3K.

ISTA 4 Series

Enhanced Simulation Performance Tests

This Series includes General Simulation tests at least one element of focused simulation, such as test sequence or condition linked to actual known distribution. It currently includes Project 4AB.

ISTA 5 Series

Focused Simulation Guides

No longer an active series.

ISTA 6 Series

Member Performance Tests

These test protocols are created by ISTA members to meet their particular purposes and applications. The tests may be completely original, or may be modifications or variations of ISTA Procedures or Projects or other published and accepted tests. ISTA reviews and approves these tests, but primary responsibility rests with the originating members. The Series includes Project 6-AMAZON.COM-SIOC, Ships in Own Container (SIOC) for Amazon.com Distribution System Shipment; Project 6-AMAZON.COM-Over Boxing, e-Commerce Fulfillment for Parcel Delivery Shipment; 6-FEDEX-A: FedEx Procedures for Testing Packaged Products Weighing Up to 150 lbs., 6-FEDEX-B: FedEx Procedures for Testing Packaged Products Weighing Over 150 lbs.; and Project 6-SAMSCLUB, Packaged-Products for Sam’s Club® Distribution System Shipment.

ISTA 7 Series

Development Tests

These tests are used in the development of transport packages. They can be used to compare relative performance of two or more container designs, but are not intended to evaluate the protection afforded packaged-products. Includes Projects 7D, and 7D.

ISTA Process Standards

Includes ISTA Standard 20, a design and qualification process that provides the structure and path to design, test, verify and independently certify a specific Insulated Shipping Container (ISC) for use; and the Responsible Packaging by Design (RPbD) Guide, a a step-by-step process management standard for the design, testing, and qualification of responsible packaging that meets industry, consumer, and regulatory expectations.

UN ST/SG/AC.10/11

Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods – Manual of Tests and Criteria

This standard contains criteria, test methods and procedures to be used
for classification of dangerous goods.

Various Additional Specs

ISO 9568 (1993)

Cinematography – background acoustic noise levels in theatres, review room and dubbing rooms

Specifies measurement methods and maximum ratings for indoor background sound pressure levels. Applies to noise emitted by heating, ventilating and air-conditioning systems, intrusive noise from the projector(s) and noise emitted by any other mechanical or electrical equipment, but not to intrusive noise from outside, such as traffic noise. It is intended for application when the background noise is essentially a steady-state sound, without strong time-varying components. This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2012; it remains current.

IEST-RP-DTE022

Multi-Shaker Test and Control

This Recommended Practice (RP), IEST-RP-DTE022, delivers recommendations and guidelines for performing vibration or shock tests using multiple exciters. Presented is a focused treatise on how the selection of the proper exciters, fixtures, transducers, bearings, and controllers can all contribute to the successful performance of a multiple-shaker vibration test. It is suggested that this RP be used in conjunction with MIL-STD-810G Method 527, “Multi-Exciter Test,” to expand upon the fundamentals described therein.

IEC-60945, Section 8.7

Maritime navigation & radiocommunication
equipment and systems –
General requirements –
Methods of testing and required test results

This standard, updated in 2002, provides test methods and general requirements for electronic navigational aids. It addresses a wide range of EMC, Safety, and Environmental factors, including vibration.

The vibration section (8.7)specifies an operational test to simulate propeller vibration and wave slamming over a 2Hz-100Hz range.

BS-EN-61373 (2010)

Shock and vibration tests for railway rolling stock.

BS-EN 50155 (2017)

Covers temp, humidity, shock and vibration for railway electronic equipment.

NEBS Level 3

Means equipment meets the requirements of GR-63-CORE and GR-1089-CORE

GR-63 adddresses many concerns in addition to vibration, such as temp, humidity, airborne contaminants and fire. GR-1089 addresses a variety of electrical issues but not vibration.

NEBS was developed by Bell Labs. It is now managed by Telcordia, which is owned by Ericsson.

Pre-defined VibrationVIEW Test Profiles:
GR 63 Earthquake Zones 2,3,4

SAE J145

Recommended Environmental Practices for Electronic Equipment Design in Heavy-Duty Vehicle Applications

This standard addresses climatic, dynamic, and electrical environments from natural and vehicle-induced sources that influence the performance and reliability of vehicle and tractor/trailer electronic components. Test methods that can be used to simulate these environmental conditions are also included. This information is applicable to diesel power trucks in Classes 6,7, and 8.

SAE J1810

Electrical Indicating System Specification

This standard escribes those factors which affect the accuracy and reliability of voltage indicating units and electrical indicating and sending units for fuel level, pressure, and temperature suitable for off-road, self-propelled work machines, and agricultural tractors.

How Can We Help You?

Contact Us